Hair loss diagnosis is crucial and could warrant further medical work-up.
Male pattern baldness is the most common form of hair loss in men (androgenic alopecia, AGA). Up to 70% of men will be affected by pattern baldness at some point in their lives. Although male pattern hair loss is genetic, it is not always predictable: even if it runs in a patient’s family, it is not always possible to know at what age hair loss will begin, or how an individual’s hair growth patterns will be affected. However, most people find that their hair loss increases as they get older.
The most effective male pattern baldness treatment is surgery, but other options are available as well, including hair restoration medication and low-level laser therapy. In particular, young men suffering from hair loss are advised to avoid hair restoration surgery until their hair loss pattern and progression is fully revealed.
In women, there are a number of possible reasons for female hair loss.
Causes of female hair loss can range from androgenetic alopecia (female pattern hair loss) to scalp conditions, stress and illness.
Female hair loss treatment will depend on its cause. Medications like minoxidil can help improve this condition. Other options include laser therapy, often in the form of a cap device, and hair restoration surgery, where hair is transplanted to the bald areas.
Stress, suboptimal nutrition, and illness can also be reasons for female hair loss. In addition, causes for temporary female hair loss may include iron deficiencies from anemia and post-pregnancy, thyroid disorders (such as hypothyroidism), and chemotherapy. In all cases, it is best to consult with a hair restoration surgeon to determine the causes and potential treatments for female hair loss.
Preventive measures, from medical treatments to platelet-enriched plasma injections, can improve the health of your hair.
Many people wonder what causes hair loss. The causes of hair loss vary depending on a number of factors, including genetics (this is often what causes baldness or alopecia), illness (such as thyroid disease), and medications you may be taking. The best way to uncover hair loss causes and find out whether they are preventable is to see a physician.
What causes hair loss in men and women is also related to lifestyle. Factors such as stress, exposure to chemicals or UV rays, smoking and consuming alcohol can play a role in triggering or exacerbating the loss of hair (and can also affect recovery from hair restoration surgery). It is also important to be aware that certain types of hairstyles, including braids, tight ponytails and hair extensions, can cause tension and trauma to the hair follicle, leading to hair loss.
There are several scalp conditions that can cause an itchy scalp, hair loss, and flaking; most can be treated with topical scalp meds. Among the most common is dandruff, which causes dead skin cells to flake and fall from the scalp onto the shoulders. Although it is a nuisance and is unattractive, this condition is primarily cosmetic; it does not result in a dry scalp, hair loss, or other serious consequences, and can generally be treated using dandruff shampoos that contain ketoconazole, zinc pyrithione tar or selenium oxide.
Other common conditions include excessive oiliness (seborrhea), and oily crusts adhering to inflamed, itchy, moist scalp skin (seborrheic dermatitis, also known as cradle cap in infants). The latter condition tends to be the most severe and should be treated by a dermatologist or other physician. However, an itchy scalp and hair loss rarely go hand-in-hand. However, regular scratching of the scalp can lead to hair breakage.
Hair can also be restored post-traumatically by corrective scalp surgery and by scalp expansion, which can give excellent results.